SI dysfunction is the pain in the joint between the sacrum joint and the Ilium joint. This can be a result of too much or too little movement of the joint. Pain is often in the buttocks area that is tender to touch with back pain that can radiate into the groin and thighs, joint warmth, limping, stiffness, and swelling. Causes of SI joint dysfunction are pregnancy, childbirth, altered walking, back fusion, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis.
Diagnosis with x-ray or MRI scan, further testing may be needed based off exam.
Treatments can consist of exercise, medication, physical therapy, bracing, medical procedure such as Epidural Steroid injection (ESI), facet joint injections or require spinal surgery.